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Recommendations for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of chronic hepatitis B and C in special population groups (migrants, intravenous drug users and prison inmates)

Almasio, Piero Luigi and Babudieri, Sergio and Barbarini, Giorgio and Brunetto, Maurizia Rossana and Conte, Dario and Dentico, Pietro and Gaeta, Giovanni Battista and Leonardi, Claudio and Levrero, Massimo and Mazzotta, Francesco and Morrone, Aldo and Nosotti, Lorenzo and Prati, Daniele and Rapicetta, Maria and Sagnelli, Evangelista and Scotto, Gaetano and Starnini, Giulio (2011) Recommendations for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of chronic hepatitis B and C in special population groups (migrants, intravenous drug users and prison inmates). Digestive and Liver Disease, Vol. 43 (8), p. 589-595. ISSN 1590-8658. Article.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.dld.2010.12.004

Abstract

The global spread of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV), their high chronicity rates and their progression to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, are major public health problems. Research and intervention programmes for special population groups are needed in order to assess their infection risk and set up suitable prevention and control strategies.
Aim of this paper is to give health care professionals information on HBV and HCV infections amongst migrants, drug users and prison inmates. The manuscript is an official Position Paper on behalf of the following Scientific Societies: Italian Association for the Study of the Liver (A.I.S.F.), Italian Society of Infectious and Tropical Diseases (S.I.M.I.T.), Italian Federation Department's Operators and Addiction Services (FederSerD), Italian Prison Medicine and Healthcare Society (S.I.M.S.Pe.).
The considered population groups, having a high prevalence HBV and HCV infections, require specific interventions. In this context, the expression “special population” refers to specific vulnerable groups at risk of social exclusion, such as migrants, prison inmates, and intravenous drug users. When dealing with special population groups, social, environmental and clinical factors should be considered when selecting candidates for therapy as indicated by national and international guidelines.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:5412
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:HBV, HCV, intravenous drug users, migrants, prison inmates
Subjects:Area 06 - Scienze mediche > MED/17 Malattie infettive
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 03 Istituti > Malattie infettive e parassitarie
Publisher:Saunders / Elsevier
ISSN:1590-8658
Copyright Holders:© 2010 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l.
Deposited On:18 Feb 2011 09:41

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