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Spontaneous feline mammary intraepithelial lesions as a model for human estrogen receptor- and progesterone receptor-negative breast lesions

Burrai, Giovanni P. and Mohammed, Sulma I. and Miller, Margaret A. and Marras, Vincenzo and Pirino, Salvatore and Addis, Maria Filippa and Uzzau, Sergio and Antuofermo, Elisabetta (2010) Spontaneous feline mammary intraepithelial lesions as a model for human estrogen receptor- and progesterone receptor-negative breast lesions. BMC Cancer, Vol. 10 (156), p. 1-11. ISSN 1471-2407. Article.

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DOI: 10.1186/1471-2407-10-156

Abstract

Background. Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in women. Intraepithelial lesions (IELs), such as usual ductal hyperplasia (UH), atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH), and ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) are risk factors that predict a woman's chance of developing invasive breast cancer. Therefore, a comparative study that establishes an animal model of pre-invasive lesions is needed for the development of preventative measures and effective treatment for both mammary IELs and tumors. The purpose of this study was to characterize the histologic and molecular features of feline mammary IELs and compare them with those in women.
Methods. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded specimens (n = 205) from 203 female cats with clinical mammary disease were retrieved from the archives of the Purdue University Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory and Veterinary Teaching Hospital (West Lafayette, IN), and the Department of Pathology and Veterinary Clinic, School of Veterinary Medicine (Sassari, Italy). Histologic sections, stained with hematoxylin and eosin (HE), were evaluated for the presence of IELs in tissue adjacent to excised mammary tumors. Lesions were compared to those of humans. Immunohistochemistry for estrogen receptor (ER-alpha), progesterone receptor (PR), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2/neu) and Ki-67 was performed in IELs and adjacent tumor tissues.
Results. Intraepithelial lesions were found in 57 of 203 (28%) feline mammary specimens and were categorized as UH (27%), ADH (29%), and DCIS (44%). Most IELs with atypia (ADH and DCIS) were associated with mammary cancer (91%), whereas UH was associated with benign lesions in 53% of cases. Feline IELs were remarkably similar to human IELs. No ER or PR immunoreactivity was detected in intermediate-grade or high-grade DCIS or their associated malignant tumors. HER-2 protein overexpression was found in 27% of IELs.
Conclusion. The remarkable similarity of feline mammary IELs to those of humans, with the tendency to lose hormone receptor expression in atypical IELs, supports the cat as a possible model to study ER- and PR-negative breast lesions.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:5377
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Feline mammary, Intraepithelial Lesions (IELs), breast cancer
Subjects:Area 06 - Scienze mediche > MED/07 Microbiologia e microbiologia clinica
Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > VET/03 Patologia generale e anatomia patologica veterinaria
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Patologia e clinica veterinaria
001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Scienze biomediche
002 Altri enti e centri di ricerca del Nord Sardegna > Porto Conte Ricerche, Alghero
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1471-2407
Copyright Holders:© 2010 Burrai et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Deposited On:28 Jan 2011 08:52

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