Rao, Donepudi Venkateswara and Cesareo, Roberto and Brunetti, Antonio and Gigante, Giovanni Ettore (2000) Computed tomography with image intensifier: potential use for nondestructive testing and imaging of small objects. NDT & E International, Vol. 33 (8), p. 523-530. ISSN 0963-8695. Article.
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An image intensifier based computed tomography scanner and a tube source of X-rays are used for nondestructive evaluation, imaging of small objects for archaeological studies and conservation of works of art and micro analysis of soft materials. It consists of a charge coupled device (CCD) camera and an acquisition board. The CCD camera and the acquisition board allow image processing, filtration and restoration. The object is irradiated by an X-ray tube with a conical collimator and rotated on 180°. Projections are obtained at various angles as cross sectional image slices. A reconstruction program written in Pascal is able to give the reconstruction matrix of the linear attenuation coefficients, simulates the matrix and related tomography. The flux emitted by the tube is filtered using the appropriate filters at the chosen optimum energy and reasonable monochromacy is achieved for all the images. Although X-ray imaging is a potential tool for strongly attenuating materials, the images of weakly attenuating materials provide new information to know about their structure and also the foreign body for the image reconstruction at an optimum value. The image of the plastic material which contains the internal defect is studied thoroughly at the optimum value in order to image the small objects for nondestructive testing, archaeological studies and conservation of works of art. The images are analysed using the profile data showing the internal defect of the object to obtain information at the optimum value. At the optimum value and with the aid of the tomographic image, the size and location of the defect could be ascertained.
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