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Dinamica del Carbon Sink in una cronosequenza agro-forestale mediterranea: caratterizzazione delle frazioni di sostanza organica

Porcu, Giovanna (2011) Dinamica del Carbon Sink in una cronosequenza agro-forestale mediterranea: caratterizzazione delle frazioni di sostanza organica. Doctoral Thesis.

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Abstract

The study on the impact of different land uses on soil organic matter fractions have important implications for the identification of sustainable land management practices, and for the development of actions finalized to the soil carbon sequestration and, thus, to mitigate climate change processes. The study was carried out in a area representative of Mediterranean agro-forestry systems, located in the North-Eastern Sardinia on Palezoic intrusive rocks (granites). In the area, homogeneous for the ecological potential, seven land uses were compared: tilled vineyard, intercropped vineyard, forage annual crops two beneath the oak trees or not, pasture beneath the oak trees or not and oak forest. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact on soil organic matter quality and stability of different land use types in an agro-forestry area by determining: i) humic and no humic SOM fractions, their elemental composition and their infrared spectroscopy patterns; ii) water-extractable organic matter (WEOM), particulate SOM (POM-free and POM-occluded) and mineral associated SOM (M-OM) and their elemental composition; iii) SOM quality and stability indices and soil quality classes in relation to land use. Differences among land uses for SOM fractions, composition and stability demonstrated that the most conservative land uses within an agro-forestry system under Mediterranean semi-arid conditions seemed to be those associated to pastoral activities and to the presence of oak trees.

Item Type:Doctoral Thesis
ID Code:5107
Contributors:Seddaiu, Giovanna and Madrau, Salvatore
Publisher:Universita' degli studi di Sassari
Uncontrolled Keywords:Mediterranean agroforestry systems, soil organic matter quality, land use change, water extractable organic matter, particulate organic matter
Subjects:Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > AGR/02 Agronomia e coltivazioni erbacee
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Scienze agronomiche e genetica vegetale agraria
Cicli, scuole e corsi:Ciclo 23 > Scuole > Scienze dei sistemi agrari e forestali e delle produzioni alimentari > Produttività delle piante coltivate
Deposited On:08 Apr 2011 10:27

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