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Heavy metal immobilization by chemical amendments in a polluted soil and influence on white lupin growth

Castaldi, Paola and Santona, Laura and Melis, Pietro (2005) Heavy metal immobilization by chemical amendments in a polluted soil and influence on white lupin growth. Chemosphere, Vol. 60 (3), p. 365-371. ISSN 0045-6535. Article.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.11.098

Abstract

The effects of chemical amendments (zeolite, compost and calcium hydroxide) on the solubility of Pb, Cd and Zn in a contaminated soil were determined. The polluted soil was from the Southwest Sardinia, Italy. It showed very high total concentrations of Pb (19 663 mg kg1 d.m.), Cd (196 mg kg−1 d.m.) and Zn (14 667 mg kg−1 d.m.). The growth and uptake of heavy metals by white lupin (Lupinus albus L., cv. Multitalia) in amended soils were also studied in a pot experiment under greenhouse conditions. Results showed that the amendments increased the residual fraction of heavy metals in the soils, and decreased the heavy metals uptake by white lupin compared with the unamended control. Among the three amendments, compost and Ca(OH)2 were the most efficient at reducing Pb and Zn uptake, while zeolite was the most efficient at reducing Cd uptake by the plants. White lupin growth was better in amended soils than in unamended control. The above ground biomass increased with a factor 1.8 (soil amended with zeolite), 3.6 (soil amended with compost) and 3.1 (soil amended with Ca(OH)2) with respect to unamended soil. The roots biomass increased with a factor 1.4 (soil amended with zeolite), 5.6 (soil amended with compost) and 4.8 (soil amended with Ca(OH)2).
Results obtained suggest that the soil chemical treatment improved the performance of crops by reducing bioavailability of metals in the soils. However it would be therefore interesting to find a suitable mixture of these amendments to contemporarily immobilize the three main pollutants in the polluted soils.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:4941
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Heavy metals, zeolite, compost, calcium hydroxide, white lupin
Subjects:Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > AGR/13 Chimica agraria
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Scienze ambientali agrarie e biotecnologie agro-alimentari
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0045-6535
Deposited On:24 Nov 2010 10:23

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