Macciotta, Nicolò Pietro Paolo and Mele, Marcello and Cappio-Borlino, Aldo and Conte, Giuseppe and Serra, Andrea and Cassandro, Martino and Dal Zotto, Riccardo and Pagnacco, Giulio and Secchiari, Pierlorenzo (2008) Association between a polymorphism at the stearoyl CoA desaturase locus and milk production traits in italian holsteins. Journal of Dairy Science, Vol. 91 (8), 3184 -3189. ISSN 0022-0302. eISSN 1525-3198. Article.
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Associations between stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) gene polymorphisms and milk production traits (milk, fat, and protein yields, fat and protein contents, somatic cell score) were investigated on a sample of 701 lactations of 313 Italian Holsteins. Test-day records (5,097) were analyzed with a mixed linear model that included the fixed effects of herd, date of test, parity, genotype at the SCD locus, and lactation interval nested within SCD genotype, and the random effect of cow. An effect of the SCD genotype on milk and protein yields was detected, with VV cows producing more milk (about 2 kg/d) and protein (about 0.07 kg/d) compared with AA cows. The contribution of the SCD locus to the phenotypic variance of the 2 traits was about 0.015. These results suggest a possible use of the SCD locus in gene-assisted selection programs for the improvement of milk production traits in dairy cattle, although large-scale studies in different breeds are required.
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