Gavini, Elisabetta and Chetoni, Patrizia and Cossu, Massimo and Alvarez, Maria Gemma and Saettone, Marco Fabrizio and Giunchedi, Paolo (2004) PLGA microspheres for the ocular delivery of a peptide drug, vancomycin using emulsification/spray-drying as the preparation method: in vitro/in vivo studies. European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics, Vol. 57 (2), p. 207-212. ISSN 0939-6411. Article.
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The aim of this study was an in vitro/in vivo investigation on poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) microspheres as carriers for the topical ocular delivery of a peptide drug vancomycin (VA). The microspheres were prepared by an emulsification/spray-drying technique that can be proposed as an alternative to the double emulsion method for preparation of peptide-loaded microparticles. The drug encapsulation efficiencies were close to the theoretical values (84.2–99.5%); the average particle size, expressed as dvs, was about 11 μm. The microspheres were able to modulate the in vitro drug release of VA with a behavior dependent on their composition: the highest drug content corresponded to the highest release rate. In vivo studies were carried out by assessing the pharmacokinetic profile of VA in the aqueous humor of rabbits after topical administration of aqueous suspensions of microspheres. High and prolonged VA concentrations and increased AUC values (2-fold) with respect to an aqueous solution of the drug were observed. Increasing the viscosity of the microsphere suspension by addition of a suspending-viscosizing agent (hydroxypropylcellulose) did not produce an increase of the ocular bioavailability. PLGA microspheres can be proposed as a system for ocular delivery of peptide drugs.
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