Hedgecock, Ian Michael and Trunfio, Giuseppe Andrea and Pirrone, Nicola and Sprovieri, Francesca (2005) Mercury chemistry in the MBL: Mediterranean case and sensitivity studies using the AMCOTS (Atmospheric Mercury Chemistry over the Sea) model. Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 39 (38), 7217-7230 . ISSN 1352-2310. Article.
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The atmospheric oxidation of mercury in the Mediterranean marine boundary layer (MBL) has been studied using the Atmospheric Mercury Chemistry over the Sea (AMCOTS) model. The model results have been compared to measured data obtained during an oceanographic research campaign in 2000, with more success than previous modelling attempts. In light of the often high concentrations of ozone present in the Mediterranean boundary layer, seasonal case studies using typical meteorological conditions and average ozone concentrations have been performed to identify the main oxidants of elemental mercury. The sensitivity of the modelled reactive gaseous mercury (RGM) concentrations to the Hg+O3 rate constant has been assessed using the two most recent rate determinations. The results using the higher of the two literature values gives results inconsistent with measured values of RGM when the reaction between Hg and O3 is assumed to give a gas phase product. This does not necessarily indicate that the rate constant is incorrect but possibly that other rate constants in the model are overestimated or indeed that there may be reduction reactions occurring in the atmosphere which have yet to be identified. Alternatively, when the reaction product of Hg and O3 is assumed to be a solid and therefore not contribute to RGM the modelled and measured results are comparable. The deposition rates calculated by the model when compared with calculated and measured sea surface emission fluxes available in the literature indicate that dry deposition flux of RGM is comparable to the sea surface emission flux. The calculated lifetime of Hg0 in the Mediterranean MBL is between one and two weeks.
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