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Geological, geochemical and mineralogical features of some bauxite deposits from Nurra (Western Sardinia, Italy): insights on conditions of formation and parental affinity

Mameli, Paola and Mongelli, Giovanni and Oggiano, Giacomo and Dinelli, Enrico (2007) Geological, geochemical and mineralogical features of some bauxite deposits from Nurra (Western Sardinia, Italy): insights on conditions of formation and parental affinity. International Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 96 (5), p. 887-902. eISSN 1437-3262. Article.

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DOI: 10.1007/s00531-006-0142-2

Abstract

Bauxite deposits are widespread in NW Sardinia. They formed during the middle Cretaceous, in consequence of a period of emergence of the Mesozoic carbonate shelf. In the Nurra area the geometries derived by the Middle Cretaceous tectonic phases controlled the ore typologies. Two bauxite profiles, laying on different bedrocks, were sampled. The bauxitization proceeded from the surface downward, with the accumulation of Al2O3 and residual ‘immobile’ elements (Al, Ti, HFSE), and corresponding mobility and loss of SiO2 and Fe2O3. Epigenetic kaolinite formed close to faults and joints, probably as a result of silicification, introduced by low temperature hydrothermal solutions. Rare earth elements, especially LREE, are concentrated in Fe-rich bauxite horizons, probably due to scavenging by goethite. REE-enrichment is not observed in the boehmite-rich horizons. Very high REE contents are observed in a Fe-depleted horizon due to the occurrence of REE accessory minerals, probably of the bastnäsite group. Conservative indices, including TiO2/Al2O3 and Ti/Cr ratios, and Eu anomalies (Eu/Eu*), suggest that the deposits formed by weathering of sediments derived from mafic rocks of the Hercynian basement. This, in turn, implies that the basement was exposed during middle Cretaceous.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:4773
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Bauxite, weathering, Fe oxy-hydroxides, REE, Sardinia
Subjects:Area 04 - Scienze della terra > GEO/03 Geologia strutturale
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Scienze botaniche, ecologiche e geologiche
Publisher:Springer
eISSN:1437-3262
Copyright Holders:© Springer-Verlag 2006
Deposited On:05 Nov 2010 13:21

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