Niedda, Marcello (2000) Simulation of ground-water flow in steep basin with shallow surface soil. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, Vol. 126 (9), p. 670-678. eISSN 1943-7900. Article.
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A coupled ground-water/channel flow distributed model has been developed for continuous simulation in a 123-km2 basin. The aim was to analyze the streamflow generation processes in natural vegetated environments. Finite-difference schemes have been used to solve conservation equations of the 2D saturated subsurface flow and the 1D kinematic surface flow. Because of the high hydraulic conductivity of the surface soil, only the saturation excess mechanism of runoff production has been considered. Parameter sensitivity analysis showed the overriding influence of soil storage capacity and conductivity. A grid discretization >100 m produces a hydraulic conductivity greater than physically meaningful, which considerably increases as the space-grid step increases. Results indicate that the model can satisfactorily simulate the water-flow behavior of the catchment after fitting the three parameters of surface hydraulic conductivity, effective porosity, and evapotranspiration losses. These are done after calculating the conductivity as a function of the height of the water table. The simulation efficiency has varied from 87% in the first 5-year calibration period to 85.8% in the subsequent 5-year validation period.
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