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Watershed runoff and river flood modeling in land use planning

Niedda, Marcello and Greppi, Mauro (2010) Watershed runoff and river flood modeling in land use planning. Journal of Agricultural Engineering , Vol. 41 (2), p. 21-28. ISSN 1974-7071. eISSN 2239-6268. Article.

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Abstract

In land use planning along river paths it may be useful to consider the statistics of the flooding process of the river. The set of rules regulating land use planning in Italy results in the return period required being very long and, as a result, there are very high river discharge peaks which are taken into consideration and not much possibility of making experimental observations. Correct planning of land use should include some description of river flooding in these critical conditions. To do this a basin scale hydrological model and a robust numerical scheme of the 2D complete SWE have to be integrated. Knowing that experimental validation is very difficult we showed the reliability of the numerical schemes used to get consistent solutions. A watershed runoff forecast model was used to obtain the river hydrograph to apply as a boundary condition in the study of river flood inundation on the flat plain near Olbia airport (Sardinia, Italy). A threshold of 1 cm was used as a condition to consider whether or not to include the cell in the computational field in the description of the wetting-drying process. And this seems to fit well in the model. The numerical model is conservative, ensuring preservation of water volumes with a precision of 10-4. The great surface water gradient in some sections is evident proof of the importance of the SWE inertial terms in wave front propagation. The flow peak loss during the alluvial plane flooding resulted in a reduction of about 10% of the discharge peak at the river mouth. This numerical method, which has been validated in previous similar applications, describes sufficiently well flooding in a complex area with river morphology limited by airport and road infrastructures.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:4628
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:River flood inundation, shallow water equations, distributed hydrology model, finite difference method, wetting-drying algorithm
Subjects:Area 08 - Ingegneria civile e Architettura > ICAR/01 Idraulica
Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > AGR/08 Idraulica agraria e sistemazioni idraulico-forestali
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Ingegneria del territorio
Publisher:PagePress
ISSN:1974-7071
eISSN:2239-6268
Deposited On:26 Sep 2013 13:36

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