Carta, Antonio and Loriga, Mario and Piras, Sandra and Paglietti, Giuseppe and Ferrone, Marco and Fermeglia, Maurizio and Pricl, Sabrina and La Colla, Paolo and Sanna, Tiziana and Loddo, Roberta (2007) Synthesis and anti-picornaviridae in vitro activity of a new class of helicase inhibitors the N,N’-bis[4-(1H(2H)-benzotriazol-1(2) yl)phenyl] alkyldicarboxamides. Medicinal Chemistry, Vol. 3 (6), p. 520-532. ISSN 1573-4064. Article.
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A series N,N’-bis[4-(1H(2H)-benzotriazol-1(2)-yl)phenyl]alkyldicarboxamides (3a-f and 5a-j) were prepared starting from their already known (1a-d) and (4a-c) or new (4d) amine parents. Because of the antiviral activity of several N-[4-(1H(2H)-benzotriazol-1(2)-yl)phenyl]alkylcarboxamides previously reported, title compounds were evaluated in vitro for cytotoxicity and antiviral activity against viruses representative of Picornaviridae, [i.e. Enterovirus Coxsackie B2 (CVB-2) and Polio (Sb-1)] and of two of the three genera of the Flaviviridae [Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus (BVDV) and Yellow Fever Virus (YFV)]. Furthermore, because of the in silico activity against the RNA-dependent RNA-helicase of Polio 1 previously reported, title compounds were evaluated against the 3D model of the Sb-1 helicase and against the 2D model of the CVB-2 helicase. As a reference we used the antiviral and in silico activities of an imidazo counterpart of the title compounds, N,N’-bis[4-(2-benzimidazolyl)phenyl]alkyldicarboxamides (III) that other authors reported to be able to inhibit the corresponding enzyme of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV). In cell-based antiviral assays, N,N’-bis[4-(1H-benzotriazol-1-yl)phenyl]alkyldicarboxamides (3a-f) resulted completely inactive whereas the bis-5,6-dimethyl-benzotriazol-2-yl de-rivatives (5d-f) exhibited good activity against the Enteroviruses, (EC50s ranged between 7 and 11 μM against CVB-2 and 19-52 against Sb-1). Interestingly, bis-5,6-dichloro-benzotriazol-2-yl derivatives (5h-j) showed very selective activity against CVB-2 (EC50s = 4-11 μM) whereas they resulted completely inactive against all the other viruses screened. In general, all title compounds showed a good cytotoxicity profile in MT-4 cells. Molecular modeling investigations showed that active compounds may interact with the binding site of the Sb-1 helicase and that their free binding energy values are in agreement with their EC50s values.
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