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Glycosyl derivatives of dopamine and l-dopa as anti-parkinson prodrugs: synthesis, pharmacological activity and in vitro stability studies

Bonina, Francesco and Puglia, Carmelo and Rimoli, Maria Grazia and Melisi, Daniela and Boatto, Gianpiero and Nieddu, Maria and Calignano, Antonio and La Rana, Giovanna and De Caprariis, Paolo (2003) Glycosyl derivatives of dopamine and l-dopa as anti-parkinson prodrugs: synthesis, pharmacological activity and in vitro stability studies. Journal of Drug Targeting, Vol. 11 (1), p. 25-36. eISSN 1029-2330. Article.

Full text not available from this repository.

DOI: 10.1080/1061186031000086090

Abstract

Novel glycosyl derivatives of dopamine and l-dopa (I-IV) are synthesized in order to overcome the problem of blood–brain barrier low permeability of dopamine and of low bioavailability of its precursor l-dopa. Esters synthesized link dopamine and l-dopa, by a succinyl linker, to C-3 position of glucose (I and III) and to C-6 of galactose (II and IV). The chemical and enzymatic stabilities of esters synthesized were evaluated in order to determine both their stability in aqueous medium and their feasibility in undergoing enzymatic cleavage by rat plasma to regenerate the original drug. Furthermore, we have shown the central effects of esters I-IV on classic dopaminergic models, such as morphine induced locomotion and reserpine-induced hypolocomotion. From the result obtained compounds I-IV appeared moderately stable in a pH 7.4 buffered solution and in rat plasma. Furthermore, pharmacological studies showed that both dopamine derivatives (I and II) were equiactive in reversing reserpine-induced hypolocomotion in rats, and both were more active than l-dopa or ester III and IV, while II and III were more potent in reducing morphine-induced locomotion than I and IV. The minimal vascular effects of these derivatives allow us to underline the possibility to use them in pathologies, such as Parkinson disease, characterised by an evident decreasing of dopamine concentration in the brain.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:4438
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Parkinson disease, BBB, prodrug approach, glycosyl derivatives
Subjects:Area 03 - Scienze chimiche > CHIM/08 Chimica farmaceutica
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Farmaco, chimico, tossicologico
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
eISSN:1029-2330
Deposited On:31 Aug 2010 18:44

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