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Grain yield, dry matter, and nitrogen accumulation in the grains of durum wheat and spring triticale cultivars grown in a Mediterranean environment

Giunta, Francesco and Motzo, Rosella (2004) Grain yield, dry matter, and nitrogen accumulation in the grains of durum wheat and spring triticale cultivars grown in a Mediterranean environment. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. 56 (1), p. 25-32. ISSN 0004-9409. Article.

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DOI: 10.1071/AR04125

Abstract

Comparisons among species can be a valuable approach to identifying traits important for plant breeding. Differences between 2 durum wheat (Duilio and Creso) and 1 triticale (Antares) cultivar have been analysed in a 2-year field trial in Sardinia (Italy), in order to define a more productive durum wheat ideotype for Mediterranean-type environments. The greater grain yield (569 v. 447 g/m2) and the lower protein percentage (9.2 v. 10.6%) of triticale cv. Antares compared with the durum wheat cultivars, at a similar level of biomass produced at heading, were analysed in terms of number of grains per unit surface and rate and duration of dry matter (DM) and nitrogen (N) accumulation, calculated from a logistic curve. When the single grains were considered, Antares showed a lower rate but a longer duration of DM and N accumulation in the more favourable season, resulting in lower DM (40 v. 54 mg) and N (0.7 v. 1.0 mg) contents in the grain. On the other hand, when data were expressed on a per unit surface basis, the greater spike fertility of Antares (53 v. 39 grains per spike) and its longer duration of accumulation, were responsible for similar or even greater amounts of DM and N accumulated in the grains per m2. Growth rate of single grains, although able to explain differences in single grain weight, cannot explain differences in grain weight per m2 and hence in yield, which mainly result from variation in the number of grains per spike. Nitrogen percentage of the grains decreased from the maximum values observed at the beginning of grain filling, until a constant final value attained before the end of DM and N accumulation. Rate is more important than duration in determining the quality characteristics of grains, as higher grain weights and protein percentages correspond to higher rates of DM and N accumulation.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:4386
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Grain quality, logistic curve, rate, duration
Subjects:Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > AGR/02 Agronomia e coltivazioni erbacee
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Scienze agronomiche e genetica vegetale agraria
Publisher:CSIRO Publishing
ISSN:0004-9409
Deposited On:26 Aug 2010 13:56

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