Melis, Paolo (1998) New data regarding “architectonic prospect domus” of the Bronze Age in Sardinia. In: EAA 3rd Annual meeting: volume III: Sardinia: papers, September 24-28, 1997, Ravenna, Italy. Oxford, Archaeopress. p. 57-66. (BAR International series, 719). ISBN 0-86054-896-1. Conference or Workshop Item.
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Attention was called to the existence in Sardinia of "tombe di giganti"
which are entirely rock-cut, imitating the typical megalithic structures
of the Nuragic era, for the first time at the start of this century (Prechac
1908; Mackenzie 1910), however only in the nineteen-seventies did
the study of this class of monuments take place in a systematic way
In recent decades, research has uncovered new tombs. increasing the
total to at least 80; it is therefore desirable that we examine this singular
class of monuments again, in light of new acquisitions and new
As regards the area of diffusion, the phenomenon appears to be circumscribed
to north-west Sardinia, and in particular to the Sassari
area and to northern Logudoro, with the exception of a few extremely
peripheral isolated cases. This geographical limitation coincides, with
good approximation, to the formation of the limestone and Miocene
sediments of the Sassari area (fig. 1): the same limestone tables in
which, two millennia before, the funerary rook-cutting of the domus de janas, that developed in a very notable way and with its own characteristics,
recognisable above all, in the planimetric module called
Sassarese (Santoni 1976; Tanda 1977).
The origin of architectonic prospect rock-cut tombs must be researched
on one side in the hypogeum traditions of the Neo-Eneolithic which
were so strong in this north-western side of the island, and on the
other side in the objective limitations placed by the particular type of
rock (extremely soft and workable) and the morphology correlated
with this, with the presence of vertical walls suitable for the realisation
of monumental prospects.
We will now examine, in a more analytic manner, some of the principal
characteristics of the monumental class.
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