Desole, Maria Speranza and Sciola, Gian Luigi and Delogu, Maria Rosaria and Sircana, Sara and Migheli, Rossana (1996) Manganese and 1-methyl-4-(2′-ethylphenyl)-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine induce apoptosis in PC12 cells. Neuroscience Letters, Vol. 209 (3), p. 193-196. ISSN 0304-3940. Article.
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Oxidative stress is thought to play a key role both in the neurotoxin MPTP- and manganese (Mn)-induced neurotoxicity and in apoptotic cell death. In the present study, we report that Mn and the MPTP analogue 1-methyl-4-(2′-ethylphenyl)-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (2′Et-MPTP), which is metabolized by MAO-A to 1-methyl-4-(2′-ethylphenyl)-pyridinium ion (at concentrations of 0.5 and 1.0 mM), induced apoptosis in PC12 cells. Apoptosis was tested by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated 2′-deoxyuridine-5′-triphosphate nick end labelling (TUNEL) technique, flow cytometry and fluorescence microscopy. Both Mn and 2′Et-MPTP induced also a time-dependent decrease in cell viability, as determined by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Only Mn-induced apoptosis and decrease in cell viability were inhibited by the antioxidant ascorbic acid. We conclude that apoptosis may be an important mechanism of cell death in MPTP- and Mn-induced parkinsonism. However, an oxidative stress mechanism may be recognized only in the Mn-induced apoptosis.
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