Croce, Anna Cleta and Spano, Alessandra and Locatelli, Donata and Barni, Sergio and Sciola, Gian Luigi and Bottiroli, Giovanni (1999) Dependence of fibroblast autofluorescence properties on normal and transformed conditions. Role of the metabolic activity. Photochemistry and Photobiology, Vol. 69 (3), p. 364-374. eISSN 1751-1097. Article.
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The dependence of autofluorescence properties on the metabolic and functional engagement and on the transformation condition was studied on single cells. Normal Galliera rat fibroblasts at low subculture passage (cell strain), at high subculture passage (stabilized cell line), and transformed ceil line derived from a rat sarcoma were used as a cell model. The study was performed by microspectrofluorometric and fluorescence imaging technique. The autofluorescence properties of cells were studied by excitation at two wavelengths, namely 366 nm and 436 nm, that are known to favor the emission of different fluorophores. Spectral shape analysis indicated that under excitation at 366 nm autofluorescence is ascribable mainly to coenzyme molecules, particularly to reduced pyridine nucleotides, while under excitation at 436 nm, flavin and lipopigment emission is favored. The energetic metabolic engagement of the different cell lines was analyzed in terms both of parameters related to anaerobicaerobic pathways (biochemical assay) and of mitochondrial features (supravital cytometry). The results showed that the cell strain and the stabilized and transformed cell lines can be distinguished from one another on the basis of both overall fluorescence intensity and the relative contributions of spectral components. These findings indicated a relationship between autofluorescence properties and energetic metabolism engagement of the cells that, in turn, is dependent on the proliferative activity and the transformed condition of the cells. In that it is a direct expression of the energetic metabolic engagement, autofluorescence can be assumed as an intrinsic parameter of the cell biological condition, suitable for diagnostic purposes.
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