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A Microbial diagnostic microarray technique for the sensitive detection and identification of pathogenic bacteria in a background of nonpathogens

Kostić, Tanja and Weilharter, Alexandra and Rubino, Salvatore and Delogu, Giuseppe and Uzzau, Sergio and Rudi, Knut and Sessitsch, Angela and Bodrossy, Levente (2007) A Microbial diagnostic microarray technique for the sensitive detection and identification of pathogenic bacteria in a background of nonpathogens. Analytical Biochemistry, Vol. 360 (2), p. 244-254. ISSN 0003-2697. Article.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.ab.2006.09.026

Abstract

A major challenge in microbial diagnostics is the parallel detection and identification of low-bundance pathogens within a complex microbial community. In addition, a high specificity providing robust, reliable identification at least at the species level is required. A microbial diagnostic microarray approach, using single nucleotide extension labeling with gyrB as the marker gene, was developed. We present a novel concept applying competitive oligonucleotide probes to improve the specificity of the assay. Our approach enabled the sensitive and specific detection of a broad range of pathogenic bacteria. The approach was tested with a set of 35 oligonucleotide probes targeting Escherichia coli, Shigella spp., Salmonella spp., Aeromonas hydrophila, Vibrio cholerae, Mycobacterium avium, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Helicobacter pylori, Proteus mirabilis, Yersinia enterocolitica, and Campylobacter jejuni. The introduction of competitive oligonucleotides in the labeling reaction successfully suppressed cross-reaction by closely related sequences, significantly improving the performance of the assay. Environmental applicability was tested with environmental and veterinary samples harboring complex microbial communities. Detection sensitivity in the range of 0.1% has been demonstrated, far below the 5% detection limit of traditional microbial diagnostic microarrays.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:4050
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Microbial diagnostic microarray, gyrB, sequence-specific end labeling of oligonucleotides, pathogen detection, MDM
Subjects:Area 06 - Scienze mediche > MED/07 Microbiologia e microbiologia clinica
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Scienze biomediche
Publisher:Academic Press inc. Elsevier Science
ISSN:0003-2697
Deposited On:22 Jun 2010 13:05

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