Spano, Alessandra and Monaco, Gianni and Barni, Sergio and Sciola, Gian Luigi (2007) Expression of cell kinetics and death during monocyte–macrophage differentiation: effects of Actinomycin D and Vinblastine treatments. Histochemistry and Cell Biology, Vol. 127 (1), p. 79-94. eISSN 1432-119X. Article.
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The different effects of two cytostatic drugs, Actinomycin D and Vinblastine, during macrophage-like differentiation induced in THP-1 monocytic cell line by phorbol ester phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) (6, 30, and 60 nM), were studied by morpho-cytochemical approaches. In PMA-unstimulated monocytic cells, the cytostatic effects of Actinomycin D (an antimetabolic drug) were characterized by a drastic reduction of the G2/M cells accompanied by dramatic death of the G1 cells; on the contrary, Vinblastine (a microtubule-depolymerizating drug) induced an accumulation of the G2/M cells with the appearance of aneugenic micronuclei and scarce cell death mainly from the G1 cells. After 60 nM PMA stimulation, the culture was mostly composed by macrophagic cells characterized by low proliferation and the appearance of mono-/binucleated polyploid cells; in this condition, the cytotoxicity of the two drugs, more effective for Vinblastine, induced cell death in the different ploidy classes (2c, 4c, 8c). Cell death appeared to be of apoptotic nature, but with some morpho-phenotypic differences due to the action mechanism of the drugs and dependent on cell culture growth and differentiation. As a consequence of the different block-action of the two drugs on the cell cycle phases and in relation to the different subcellular targets, the effects changed during the transition from not-adhering/proliferating monocytes to adhering/low-proliferating differentiated macrophages.
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