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Creating conditions similar to those that occur during exposure of cells to microgravity induces apoptosis in human lymphocytes by 5-lipoxygenase-mediated mitochondrial uncoupling and cytochrome c release

Maccarrone, Mauro and Battista, Natalia and Meloni, Maria Antonia and Bari, Monica and Galleri, Grazia and Pippia, Proto Gavino and Cogoli, Augusto and Finazzi Agrò, Alessandro (2003) Creating conditions similar to those that occur during exposure of cells to microgravity induces apoptosis in human lymphocytes by 5-lipoxygenase-mediated mitochondrial uncoupling and cytochrome c release. Journal of Leukocyte Biology, Vol. 73 (4), p. 472-481. ISSN 0741-5400. Article.

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DOI: 10.1189/jlb.0602295

Abstract

Creating conditions similar to those that occur during exposure of cells to microgravity induced a sixfold increase of apoptotic bodies and DNA fragments in human lymphocytes, paralleled by an early (within 2 h) fourfold increase in 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) activity and a fivefold decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential and increase in cytochrome c release (within 4 and 8 h, respectively). Similar membrane potential and cytochrome c release were observed in isolated mitochondria treated with physiological amounts of 5-LOX and were enhanced by creating conditions similar to those that occur during exposure of cells to microgravity. 5-LOX inhibitors, 5,8,11,14-eicosatetraynoic acid and caffeic acid, completely prevented apoptosis, whereas the phospholipase A2 inhibitor methyl-arachidonoyl fluorophosphonate and the 5-LOX activating protein inhibitor MK886 reduced it to 65–70%. The intracellular calcium chelator EGTA-acetoxymethylester reduced 5-LOX activity and apoptosis to 30–40% of controls, whereas the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibitor SB203580 was ineffective. The caspase-3 and caspase-9 inhibitors Z-Asp(OCH3)-Glu(OCH3)-Val-Asp(OCH3)-fluoromethylketone (FMK) and Z-Leu-Glu(OCH3)-His-Asp(OCH3)-FMK reduced apoptotic bodies to 25–30% of the control cells. Finally, creating conditions similar to those that occur during exposure of cells to microgravity did not induce apoptosis in human lymphoma U937 cells, which did not express an active 5-LOX.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:401
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Arachidonate cascade, calcium, caspase, cyclooxygenase, mitochondrial membrane potential
Subjects:Area 05 - Scienze biologiche > BIO/09 Fisiologia
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Scienze fisiologiche, biochimiche e cellulari
Publisher:Society for Leukocyte Biology
ISSN:0741-5400
Deposited On:18 Aug 2009 10:02

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