Mussinu, Jean-Mario and Ruiu, Stefania and Mulè, Antonio Calogero and Pau, Amedeo and Carai, Mauro A. M. and Loriga, Giovanni and Murineddu, Gabriele and Pinna, Gérard Aimé (2003) Tricyclic pyrazoles. Part 1: synthesis and biological evaluation of novel 1,4-dihydroindeno[1,2-c]pyrazol-based ligands for CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, Vol. 11 (2), p. 251-263. ISSN 0968-0896. Article.
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Cannabinoids receptors, cellular elements of the endocannabinoid system, have been the focus of extensive studies because of their potential functional role in several important physiological and pathological processes. To further evaluate the properties of CB receptors, especially CB1 and CB2 subtypes, we have designed, using SR141716A as a benchmark, a new series of rigid 1-aryl-1,4-dihydroindeno[1,2-c]pyrazole-3-carboxamides. Compounds 1 were synthesized from substituted 1-aryl-1,4-dihydroindeno[1,2-c]pyrazole-3-carboxylic acids and requisite amines. The various analogues were assayed for binding both to the brain and peripheral cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2). Seven of the new compounds displayed very high in vitro CB2 binding affinities, especially 1a, 1b, 1c, 1e, 1g, 1h and 1j which showed Ki values of 0.34, 0.225, 0.27, 0.23, 0.385, 0.037 and 0.9 nM, respectively. Compounds 1a, 1b, 1c and 1h showed the highest selectivity for CB2 receptor with Ki(CB1) to Ki(CB2) ratios of 6029, 5635, 5814 and 9810, respectively. Noticeably, 1h exhibited the highest affinity and selectivity for CB2 receptors.
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