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Correlazioni quantistiche e realismo causale

Melas, Alessandra (2010) Correlazioni quantistiche e realismo causale. Doctoral Thesis.

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Abstract

This Ph.D. thesis is about causality in Quantum Mechanics, namely about the possibility to provide a causal explanation for quantum Einstein – Podolsky – Rosen (EPR) correlations.
The well-known interpretation of the Bell’s Theorem by Bastian Van Fraassen, who inferred that quantum correlations cannot be embedded in any causal model, compels us to suppose that microscopic nature cannot have a causal structure and that causality is an anthropological concept.
However, this interpretation is not commonly accepted and this doctoral thesis is the first general overview of some recent works about causal explanation for EPR correlations. Particularly, it analyses the possible causal explanations for the EPR/Bohm experiments by means of the Hans Reichenbach’s model, by means of backward causation models, and by means of models that imply a direct causal link. In order to do it, it pays particular attention to the Relativistic space-time features and it considers the studies in the History of Philosophy about the link between causal arrow and temporal arrow. Moreover, this work aims to endorse the idea that the best way to explain EPR/Bohm correlations causally is to adopt an indeterministic non-Reichenbachian common cause model, particularly Cartwright’s general forks model.
My conclusion is that causal models for quantum correlations remain viable, and that there is no contrast between genuinely indeterministic interpretation of Quantum Theory and causal explanation, with the philosophical implication that the Causal Realism is still acceptable.

Item Type:Doctoral Thesis
ID Code:3882
Publisher:Universita' degli studi di Sassari
Uncontrolled Keywords:Causalità, correlazioni quantistiche, indeterminismo, realismo
Subjects:Area 11 - Scienze storiche, filosofiche, pedagogiche e psicologiche > M-FIL/02 Logica e filosofia della scienza
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Teorie e ricerche dei sistemi culturali
Cicli, scuole e corsi:Ciclo 22 > Scuole > Scienze dei sistemi culturali > Filosofia
Deposited On:17 May 2010 10:45

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