Ikonomopoulos, John and Balaskas, Christos and Sechi, Leonardo Antonio and Gazouli, Maria (2006) Outbreak of acute tuberculosis in a goat herd: first report of Mycobacterium caprae isolation in Greece. Online Journal of Veterinary Research, Vol. 10 (2), p. 108-115. eISSN 1328-925X. Article.
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Mycobacterium caprae is a recently defined member of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex that is responsible for tuberculosis among animals and to a limited extent, humans. Herein we report an outbreak of acute tuberculosis in a dairy goat farm at the North of Greece, which is the first case of M. caprae isolation in the country. The disease was manifested mainly with pneumonia that resulted to the death of the affected animals within 15-60 days after first symptoms appeared. Mortality of goats that developed clinical disease reached 92%. Based on the evidence provided by spoligotyping, the isolate is similar to those commonly found in central Europe. In conclusion it can be stated that caprine tuberculosis caused by M. caprae can be manifested in an acute form, representing like in the case described here a serious economic and health problem.
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