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Gli Obblighi di protezione nella prospettiva comparatistica del common law e del trasporto aereo di persone

Carai, Marco (2010) Gli Obblighi di protezione nella prospettiva comparatistica del common law e del trasporto aereo di persone. Doctoral Thesis.

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Abstract

The Italian category of obblighi di protezione lacks a clear or fixed doctrinal position. The problem arises from the difficulty in distinguishing the sphere of application of “contractual liability” from that of “extra-contractual liability”. Thus, it is not clear whether the protection given to the contracting parties during the execution of the contract coincides with, or diverges from, the protection given by a contracting party to a third party who has sustained damages to his person or property in the execution of the contract.
This research project proposes the comparison with a different juridical system for history, tradition and remedies: the American one. It distinguishes between duties fixed by the parties and duties fixed by the law, creating the division between contract and tort. Although the idea that contractual obligation derives only from a voluntary act has by now been rejected, the distinction between contract and tort is still linked to the nature of the act with which the duty has been violated.
The American courts have solved this problem of uncertainty by creating a hybrid model, the tortius breach of contract. This figure contains elements of both liabilities. The duty of good faith and fairness is implied in the contract, but the action granted for the breach of this derives from tort. This phenomenon stimulates the creation of a unitary theory of obligation, intended to surpass the problematic distinction between the two units in common law systems.

Item Type:Doctoral Thesis
ID Code:3538
Publisher:Universita' degli studi di Sassari
Uncontrolled Keywords:Obblighi, protezione, common law
Subjects:Area 12 - Scienze giuridiche > IUS/02 Diritto privato comparato
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Scienze giuridiche
Cicli, scuole e corsi:Ciclo 22 > Scuole > Diritto ed economia dei sistemi produttivi > Giuridico
Deposited On:23 Mar 2010 16:10

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