Serra, Antonio (2010) Definizione e sviluppo di uno strumento di aiuto alla progettazione preliminare orientata alla sostenibilità: un approccio relazionale. Doctoral Thesis.
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Sustainable architecture is an approach to architectural design that minimizes
resource consumption, utilizes natural energy, mitigates environmental
damages, and improves human health.
These requests push the designer capacity to understand and to master
techniques and technologies Techniques are the tool to get targets always
different, moving and adapting, technology is one of the means to get to the
project, and in accordance with this, it has to be rational and contextual to the
project. The building designed answers to processes are filters to specify and to
decide solutions and for choosing technologies, not necessarily the latest, but
appropriate at different scales, designed and oriented to the context.
This is achievable by projecting all flows as a way to combine visual aspects with
relationships between the building and its context, overcoming the strict
application of normative and energetic systems, and giving the possibility to
think to the project with a holistic approach, discovering and planning relations
All these topics have to be taken into account in the early stages of the design
process. The research propose a decision support tools easy to use and that
allows the evaluation of design decisions where conflicting objectives must be
considered simultaneously, a dynamic tool that works in an interactive way,
through processes of aging and comparison of choices.
MATLAB routines allow to work on partial optimizations, with opened
mechanisms continuously evaluated by the operator. Different mechanisms are
provided for improvement, some based on assigning weights, others on climate
analysis and on scientific evidence in the field of architectural technology.
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