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Studi sui metalloenzimi come bersaglio per l’attività farmacobiologica: HIV-1 integrasi e anidrasi carbonica

Pala, Nicolino (2010) Studi sui metalloenzimi come bersaglio per l’attività farmacobiologica: HIV-1 integrasi e anidrasi carbonica. Doctoral Thesis.

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Abstract

The aim of this thesis is to better understand the complex relationships that occur between metalloenzymes and their ligands, especially inhibitors. Two targets, such as HIV-1 Integrase (IN) and Carbonic Anidrase (CA), were selected and explored. IN is an Mg(II)/Mn(II) -containing enzyme, whereas CA is a Zn(II)-enzyme. The work is structured and detailed into three main chapters. Chapter one discusses about a molecular and functional study of a series of clinically developed IN inhibitors, strictly related to the b-diketo acid (DKAs) class of compounds, that belong to the family of IN strand transfer inhibitors (INSTIs). Starting from the hypothesis to identify a common pharmacophore amongst them, the chapter attempts to elucidate how the metal-chelating properties can influence the activity of these compounds. Moreover, an extensive investigation of metal complexation as a suitable strategy in the IN drug design was performed. In chapter two, which deals with CA, two different projects are presented. The first one describes how new inhibitors of CA (isozyme II) have been discovered by using a complete Virtual Screening (VS) approach. The second part reports on the design and the preparation, as well as modelling studies and enzymatic inhibitory activity, of a series of original photoprobes, as useful tools to be used in the Photoaffinity Labelling (PAL) procedure, to elucidate enzyme interactions of the sulfonamide class of CAII inhibitors. In the third chapter, a retrospective structural analysis on a series of 4-benzylidene-2-(2- hydroxybenzoyl)-5-methyl-2,4-dihydro-3H-pyrazol-3-one, previously reported as IN inhibitors, as well as an alternative versatile synthetic approach for their preparation are presented and discussed.

Item Type:Doctoral Thesis
ID Code:3450
Publisher:Universita' degli studi di Sassari
Uncontrolled Keywords:Metalloenzimi, HIV-1 integrasi, anidrasi carbonica, virtual screening, photoaffinity labeling
Subjects:Area 03 - Scienze chimiche > CHIM/08 Chimica farmaceutica
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Chimica
Cicli, scuole e corsi:Ciclo 22 > Scuole > Scienze e tecnologie chimiche > Scienze farmaceutiche
Deposited On:26 Mar 2010 11:42

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