Lamberti, Paolo and Mauri, Lorenza and Merli, Enrico and Dusi, Stefania and Apollonio, Marco (2006) Use of space and habitat selection by roe deer Capreolus capreolus in a Mediterranean coastal area: how does woods landscape affect home range? Journal of Ethology, Vol. 24 (2), p. 181-188. eISSN 1439-5444. Article.
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The home-range dynamics and habitat selection of nine roe deer were studied from March 1994 to August 1994 in the Maremma Natural Park along the Tyrrhenian coast of Italy. The habitat was highly fragmented, with open agricultural fields prevailing in the study area (57%); the climate was Mediterranean. Data on spatial behaviour were collected by radio-tracking techniques. Habitat selection and structure were investigated by compositional and landscape analysis, both within the study area and within the home ranges. Animals of our sample showed spatial-use patterns varying from stationary to roaming. Stationary individuals used small home ranges while roaming ones moved, especially during the reproductive period in July and August. The percentage and structure of woodlands influenced the size of home ranges and the behaviour of males: stationary males used large amounts of woodlands within their home ranges and showed a territorial behaviour whereas males that used a high percentage of fields showed wider home ranges even during the territorial period. Females seemed to be less influenced by the presence and patch-structure of woodland within their home range. Landscape structure and habitat composition seemed to be important factors influencing the spatial behaviour of this roe deer population.
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