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New chitosan derivatives for the preparation of rokitamycin loaded microspheres designed for ocular or nasal administration

Rassu, Giovanna and Gavini, Elisabetta and Jonassen, Helene and Zambito, Ylenia and Fogli, Stefano and Breschi, Maria Cristina and Giunchedi, Paolo (2009) New chitosan derivatives for the preparation of rokitamycin loaded microspheres designed for ocular or nasal administration. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 98 (12), p. 4852-4865. eISSN 1520-6017. Article.

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DOI: 10.1002/jps.21751

Abstract

Acanthamoeba spp. are the causative agents of granulomatous amoebic encephalitis (GAE) and amoebic keratitis. Recent studies performed by Rassu et al. showed that, compared with the free drug, the loading of rokitamycin in chitosan microspheres improves and prolongs the in vitro antiamoebic activity of rokitamycin. This could be useful in transporting the drug for either ocular application to treat amoebic keratitis or nasal administration as an alternative route for the administration of the drug to the brain in GAE therapy. Starting from the previous study, our goal was to optimize the technological parameters in order to obtain chitosan microparticles loaded with rokitamycin and to evaluate the use of new quaternary ammonium chitosan derivatives in the preparation of spray dried microspheres containing the macrolide; these derivatives showed better characteristics (solubility, penetration enhancement) compared with chitosan itself. Toxicity studies on new polymers were performed. Spray dried loaded microspheres based on chitosan or chitosan derivatives were obtained by using appropriate preparative parameters. Microparticles containing chitosan derivatives showed similar or often better properties than formulations made of chitosan with respect to size, in vitro release behaviour and mucoadhesiveness thus making them more suitable for ocular or nasal administration. New polymers did not demonstrate cytotoxicity.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:3395
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Rokitamycin, ocular drug delivery, nasal drug delivery, chitosan, quaternary ammonium chitosan derivatives, amoebic keratitis, meningoencephalitis, microspheres, spray drying, controlled release/delivery
Subjects:Area 03 - Scienze chimiche > CHIM/09 Farmaceutico tecnologico applicativo
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Scienze del farmaco
Publisher:Wiley-Liss
eISSN:1520-6017
Deposited On:14 Jan 2010 11:51

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