Ferranti, Pasquale and Parlapiano, Anna and Malorni, Antonio and Pucci, Pietro and Marino, Gennaro and Cossu, Gianfranco and Manca, Laura and Masala, Bruno Lucio (1993) Hemoglobin Ozieri: a new α-chain variant (α71(E20)Ala→Val): characterization using FAB- and electrospray-mass spectrometric techniques. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. Protein Structure and Molecular Enzymology, Vol. 1162 (1-2), p. 203-208. ISSN 0167-4838. Article.
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A new silent hemoglobin variant, Hb Ozieri (α71(E20)Ala→Val), was observed in five apparently unrelated newborn babies during a screening for hemoglobinopathies on the island of Sardinia. This asymptomatic variant was detected by means of isoelectric focusing (IEF), isolated using IEF in an immobilized ultranarrow pH-gradient and characterized at the structural level using FAB- and electrospray-mass spectrometric techniques. A Val for Ala substitution was unambiguously detected at position 71 of the α-globin chain. This substitution indicates that a C to T transition occurred in the GCG codon for Ala which contains one of the 35 unmethylated CpG dinucleotides of the α-globin gene. This observation brings the number of variants due to a mutation in the α-globin gene CpGs (the third instance of a silent mutation) to 13 and raises the possibility that unmethylated CpGs might be hotspots for mutations as the methylated ones.
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