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Estimating a crime equation in the presence of organized crime: evidence from Italy

Marselli, Riccardo and Vannini, Marco (1997) Estimating a crime equation in the presence of organized crime: evidence from Italy. International Review of Law and Economics, Vol. 17 (1), p. 89-113. ISSN 0144-8188. Article.

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DOI: 10.1016/S0144-8188(96)00060-9

Abstract

We estimate a crime equation using a panel dataset of Italian regions for the period 1980 to 1989. Four different crimes are considered: murder, theft, robbery, and fraud. To take account of the presence of criminal organizations—a salient feature of the Italian context and a relevant factor usually disregarded by the empirical literature—we exploit the panel structure with unobservable individual components. Our results suggest that: (i) the probability of punishment is relatively more effective than both the severity of punishment and the efficiency of police authority in deterring crime; (ii) among the variables representing the opportunity costs of participating in illegal activities, the rate of unemployment, the value of public works started by government, and the proportion of people employed in the service sector have a significant effect; (iii) for three types of crime the regional unobservable component is correlated with the regressors; (iv) spillovers from drug consumption to theft are substantial; and (v) with the exception of fraud, the results are in contrast with the predictions of the standard economic model of crime.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:302
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Crime, criminal organizations
Subjects:Area 13 - Scienze economiche e statistiche > SECS-P/01 Economia politica
Divisions:002 Altri enti e centri di ricerca del Nord Sardegna > CRENoS-Centro Ricerche Economiche Nord Sud, Università di Cagliari e Università di Sassari
001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Economia, impresa, regolamentazione
Publisher:Elsevier Science
ISSN:0144-8188
Deposited On:18 Aug 2009 10:02

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