Sanguinetti, Maurizio and Posteraro, Brunella and Ardito, Fausta and Zanetti, Stefania Anna Lucia and Cingolani, Antonella and Sechi, Leonardo Antonio and De Luca, Alessandro and Ortona, Luigi and Fadda, Guido (1998) Routine use of PCR-reverse cross-blot hybridization assay for rapid identification of Mycobacterium species growing in liquid media. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, Vol. 36 (6), p. 1530-1533. eISSN 1098-660X. Article.
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A PCR-reverse cross-blot hybridization assay procedure that is able to rapidly identify 13 species of clinically relevant mycobacteria was evaluated for routine use in the identification of acid-fast isolates growing in BACTEC 460 TB (12B and 13A) and BACTEC 9000 MB (Myco/F) liquid media. Eight of the probes used were already described by Kox et al. (L. F. F. Kox et al., J. Clin. Microbiol. 33:3225-3233, 1995). In addition, we used six other probes specific for M. chelonae, M. malmoense or M. szulgai, M. genavense, M. gordonae, M. terrae, and M. marinum/M. ulcerans that we designed ourselves. This procedure allowed us to identify 459 mycobacterial species directly from broth cultures of 5,466 clinical samples collected over 1 year and processed with the radiometric or nonradiometric BACTEC system. Our results were in agreement with those obtained by conventional identification methods and also with those obtained by mycolic acid analysis by high-performance liquid chromatography. This assay seems to be a reliable procedure for the routine identification of mycobacteria, providing an accurate identification of mycobacterial isolates more rapidly than conventional tests, with remarkable implications for an efficacious specific antimycobacterial therapy.
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