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Identification of mycobacterial infections in wild boars in Northern Sardinia, Italy

Zanetti, Stefania Anna Lucia and Bua, Alessandra and Molicotti, Paola and Delogu, Giovanni and Mura, Antonio and Ortu, Silvia and Sechi, Leonardo Antonio (2008) Identification of mycobacterial infections in wild boars in Northern Sardinia, Italy. Acta Veterinaria Hungarica, Vol. 56 (2), p. 145-152. eISSN 1588-2705. Article.

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DOI: 10.1556/AVet.56.2008.2.1

Abstract

During a six-month period a region of Northern Sardinia was monitored to check the presence of mycobacterial infections in wild boars. Forty-eight serum and 229 biopsy samples were collected from different animals and examined by both traditional diagnostic techniques (culture, bacterioscopic and molecular tests) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The latter was used to determine the antibody response against both methylated and nonmethylated Heparin-Binding Haemagglutinin (HBHA) protein. Nine mycobacterial strains were isolated: three M. avium ssp. paratuberculosis (Map), three M. avium, one M. interjectum and two M. scrofulaceum strains. By PCR, only one animal was positive for M. bovis , whereas 10 animals were positive for Map. Out of the 48 sera tested, 19 showed a good humoral response to methylated HBHA and 17 to nonmethylated HBHA. Our data provide new information on the prevalence of mycobacterial infection among wild boars in Northern Sardinia and suggest that a more effective program should be developed to monitor mycobacterial infections in the wild animal population.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:2845
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Tuberculosis, wild boars, Mycobacterium bovis, HBHA, humoral response, Northern Sardinia
Subjects:Area 06 - Scienze mediche > MED/07 Microbiologia e microbiologia clinica
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Scienze biomediche
Publisher:Akadémiai Kiadó
eISSN:1588-2705
Deposited On:26 Aug 2009 19:32

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