Bagnasco, Stefano and Bottigli, Ubaldo and Cerello, Piergiorgio and Delogu, Pasquale and Fantacci, Maria Evelina and Lopez Torres, Ernesto and Masala, Giovanni Luca Christian and Oliva, Piernicola and Retico, Alessandra and Stumbo, Simone (2004) GPCALMA: a grid approach to mammographic screening. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 518 (1-2), p. 394-398. ISSN 0168-9002. Article.
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The next generation of High Energy Physics (HEP) experiments requires a GRID approach to a distributed computing system and the associated data management: the key concept is the Virtual Organisation, a group of geographically distributed users with a common goal and the will to share their resources. A similar approach is being applied to a group of Hospitals which joined the GPCALMA project which will allow common screening programs for early diagnosis of breast and, in the future, lung cancer. HEP techniques come into play in writing the application code, which makes use of neural networks for the image analysis and shows performances similar to radiologists in the diagnosis. GRID technologies will allow remote image analysis and interactive online diagnosis, with a relevant reduction of the delays presently associated with screening programs.
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