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Cystic echinococcosis in Italy from the 1950s to present

Garippa, Giovanni and Varcasia, Antonio and Scala, Antonio (2004) Cystic echinococcosis in Italy from the 1950s to present. Parassitologia, Vol. 46 (4), p. 387-391. ISSN 0048-2951. Article.

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Abstract

In Italy the epidemiological pattern of cistic echinococcosis (CE) is incomplete and the information for most regions is out of date, contradictory, and almost exclusively limited to the intermediate hosts. The disease is found most frequently in particular social and economic conditions: widespread use of extensive or semi-extensive sheep farming, illegal slaughtering, and high numbers of sheepdogs and other types of dogs. The highest incidence in sheep is found in Sardinia (70.6-92.8%), Sicily (6.5-36.5%), Basilicata (5-28%), Abruzzo (22%) and Tuscany (47%). It North Italy, it is never higher than 0.5% in slaughtered sheep. No data are available on the biomolecular characterization of the strains of E. granulosus in Italy, apart from Sardinia and recently Lazio. G1 (Sheep strain), G7 (Pig strain) G2 (Tasmanian sheep strain) have been identified in Sardinia and G1 and G3 (Buffalo strain) have been recently isolated in Lazio. In Italy, CE has was also found in buffaloes (2.63-9.8%) and horses (<1%). However, further epidemiological surveys and genotyping study are necessary. The small quantity of up to date information on the diffusion of E. granulosus in dogs (Abruzzo 4%, Sardinia 6-10% and Sicily 19.3%) highlights the need for modern, fast, sensitive and low risk diagnostic methods which would provide a true picture of the pattern of the infection in this host.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:2675
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Echinococcus granulosus, livestock, dogs, epidemiology, Italy
Subjects:Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > VET/06 Parassitologia e malattie parassitarie degli animali
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Biologia animale
Publisher:For the University of Rome "La Sapienza" by Lombardo Editore
ISSN:0048-2951
Publisher Policy:Depositato per gentile concessione del Dipartimento di Scienze di sanità pubblica, Sezione di parassitologia "Ettore Bicocca", Università di Roma "La Sapienza"
Additional Information:Relazione presentata al First National Congress of Hydatidology, Sassari, Italy, October 7-8, 2004.
Deposited On:18 Aug 2009 10:08

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