Pusino, Alba and Petretto, Salvatore Gavino Mario and Gessa, Carlo Emanuele (2004) Sorption of primisulfuron on soil, and inorganic and organic soil colloids. European Journal of Soil Science, Vol. 55 (1), p. 175-182. eISSN 1365-2389. Article.
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Inorganic and organic soil colloids are responsible for the sorption of many pesticides. We studied the sorption of the herbicide primisulfuron [methyl 2 N-[[[[[4,6-bis(difluoromethoxy)-2-pyrimidinyl]amino]carbonyl]amino]sulfonyl]benzoate] on Fe3+-, Al3+-, Ca2+- and Na+-exchanged montmorillonite, soil organic matter (H+- and Ca2+-saturated), amorphous iron oxide, and three soils in aqueous media. The sorption on soils was negatively correlated with pH. Ca2+- and Na+-exchanged montmorillonites are ineffective in the sorption of primisulfuron. The sorption on Fe3+- and Al3+-exchanged montmorillonite is rapid and follows the Freundlich equation. Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and X-ray powder diffraction studies of the Fe3+- and Al3+-montmorillonite samples after the interaction with primisulfuron in chloroform solution suggest that primisulfuron is adsorbed and degraded in the interlayer. Humic acid is more effective in the sorption than is Ca humate, suggesting that the pH of the suspension (3.5 for humic acid and 6.0 for Ca humate) has a strong influence on the sorption of primisulfuron. Experiments on amorphous iron oxide indicate similar pH dependence. Infrared spectra indicate that the protonation of the pyrimidine nitrogen moiety of herbicide and subsequent hydrogen bonding with the surface hydroxyls of Fe oxide is the mechanism acting in the primisulfuron sorption.
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