Zinellu, Angelo and Sotgia, Salvatore and Usai, Maria Franca and Chessa, Roberto and Deiana, Luca and Carru, Ciriaco (2005) Thiol redox status evaluation in red blood cells by capillary electrophoresis-laser induced fluorescence detection. Electrophoresis, Vol. 26 (10), p. 1963-1968. Article.
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Thiols and in particular glutathione (GSH) play a central role in human metabolism, including the detoxification of xenobiotics, cell homeostasis, radioprotection, and antioxidant defence. Here, a new method is provided for the measurement of reduced and total forms of thiols in red blood cells. In order to minimize oxidation of reduced thiols, a water erythrocyte lysis (15 min at 4°C) was performed followed by a protein precipitation step with acetonitrile. The supernatant was rapidly derivatized with 5-iodoacetoamidefluorescein that trapped thiol groups, thus minimizing auto-oxidation. Derivatized samples were separated in a 57 cm x 75 µ m ID capillary by using 5 mmol/L sodium phosphate, 4 mmol/L boric acid as electrolyte solution with 75 mmol/L N-methyl-D-glucamine at pH 11.0. Under these conditions, cysteinylglycine (CysGly), cysteine (Cys), glutathione, and γ-glutamylcysteine (GluCys) were baseline-resolved in ̃ 4 min. Precision tests showed a good repeatability of our method both for migration times (coefficient of variation CV < 0.8%) and areas (CV < 3.3%). Furthermore, a good reproducibility of intrassay and interassay tests was obtained (CV migration times (coefficient of variation CV < 0.8%) and areas (CV < 3.3%). 5% and CV migration times (coefficient of variation CV < 0.8%) and areas (CV < 3.3%). 8%, respectively). The method was employed to investigate the effect of acidic precipitation on intracellular thiol concentration. Our data suggest that sample acidification causes a modification of the measured redox thiol status due to the development of a pro-oxidant environment; moreover, the thiol redox status of red blood cells was evaluated in 22 healthy volunteers.
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