Pinna, Baingio and Albertazzi, Liliana (2008) From grouping to visual meanings: a new theory of perceptual organization. Perception, Vol. 37 (Suppl.), p. 123. eISSN 1468-4233. Article.
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The aim of this work is to introduce three different kinds of perceptual organization called 'form of grouping', 'form of shape', and 'form of meaning'. Psychophysical experiments have suggested a continuum between grouping, shape, and meaning and have demonstrated that perceptual meaning (i) is an emergent result normally and spontaneously conveyed by vision, (ii)‚is the extreme reduction of the information load, ie many disparate components are reduced to a minimum number, (iii) is the result of an organization process that complements Gestalt principles of grouping with at least two perceptual levels (modal and amodal), (iv) is the basic component of the primitive language of vision used before spoken language and containing at least a subject, a predicate, and a complement, and (v) creates other meanings, one hierarchically included in the other. The meanings emerge whenever homogeneous and heterogeneous conditions are present within a stimulus. These opposite stimulus conditions trigger two opposite but complementary tendencies of amodal wholeness and modal partialness that represent the basis of the perceptual language.
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