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Effetti dell'acido gibberellico su alcune modificazioni istologiche dell'epicarpo dei frutti di « Washington navel», « Tarocco», e Clementine « Comune »

Dettori, Sandro (1976) Effetti dell'acido gibberellico su alcune modificazioni istologiche dell'epicarpo dei frutti di « Washington navel», « Tarocco», e Clementine « Comune ». Studi sassaresi: organo ufficiale della Società sassarese di Scienze mediche e naturali. Sez. 3: Annali della Facoltà di Agraria dell'Università di Sassari, Vol. 24 , p. 89-99. ISSN 0562-2662. Article.

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Abstract

Some experiences on « Tarocco» and « Washington Navel » sweet oranges and clementine mandarin concerning the effects of gibberellic acid on fruit rind senescence are here reported. The following treatments were compared: I - one treatment at start of fruit colouring; 2 - one treatment about 40 days later; 3 - one treatment about 80 days later; 4 - two treatment; at start of fruit colouring and 40 days later; 5 - two treatments: at start of fruit colouring and 80 days later; 6 - control. All the treatments were made with 1O p.p.m. of gibberellic acido Rind samples were made from fruits collected at two different period of harvest season: as untreated fruits were ripen and two months later. Histological observations were made on cell size of flavedo and middle albedo and intercellular spaces percentage of inner albedo were evaluted. Results showed no effect of gibberellic acid on clementine mandarin, probably because of typical rind structure of this species, in wich no compact tissues can be observed once during first ripening phases. In «Tarocco» and « Washington Navel» on the contrary, gibberellic acid proved to be effective in reducing rind senescence; infact rind tissues of treated fruits appeared more compact, with smaller celles, and minor intercellular spaces in inner albedo, also in fruits collected two months later. More effective treatments resulted those made at the start of fruit colouring.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:2293
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Citrus, « Washington navel», « Tarocco», clementine mandarine, gibberellic acid, peel senescence
Subjects:Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > AGR/03 Arboricoltura generale e coltivazioni arboree
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Economia e sistemi arborei
Publisher:Università degli studi di Sassari, Facoltà di Agraria - Gallizzi
ISSN:0562-2662
Publisher Policy:Depositato per gentile concessione dell'Editore Gallizzi
Deposited On:18 Aug 2009 10:07

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