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Prospettive di lotta integrata nell'agrumicoltura sarda

Delrio, Gavino and Ortu, Salvatore and Prota, Romolo (1979) Prospettive di lotta integrata nell'agrumicoltura sarda. Studi sassaresi: organo ufficiale della Società sassarese di Scienze mediche e naturali. Sez. 3: Annali della Facoltà di Agraria dell'Università di Sassari, Vol. 27 , p. 205-232. ISSN 0562-2662. Article.

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Preliminary integrated control trials were performed in two fruit growing areas of Sardinia (Simaxis, Siniscola) in 1979. On the orange groves of Simaxis Planococcus citri (Risso) is the most important phytophage, followed by Panonychus citri Mc Gr. and Dialeurodes citri (Ashm.). The indigenous natural enemies of Planococcus {Anagyrus pseudococci Grlt., Leptomastidea abnormis Grlt., Chrysopa sp., Chilocorus bipustulatus (L.)) and Panonychus (Stethorus punctillum Weiss, Amblyseius stipulatus A.H.) do not occur in sufficient number to limit infestation and it is therefore necessary to use chemical control with 2 treatments of white oil + methidathion and an acaricide (chlorfenson + propargil). This treatment has also contained infestation of Dialeurocles which is also actively preyed by Clitostethus arcuatus (Rossi). Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Muls., Leptomastix dactylopii (How.) and Prospaltella lahorensis (How.) were introduced to improve the biological control of Plalnococcus and Dialeurodes. Ceratitis capitata is the most important phytophage or the clementine crop in Siniscola. Populations are monitoring with withe traps baited with trimedlure and reached a maximum of 150 males/trap/weck at the end or October. Three treatments with hait-spray (protein hydrolysate + Fenthion) proved insufficient to contain the infestation due to rain in September and October. In November, although 40% or fruits were punctured, only 2% contained live larvae. Heavy aphid infestations (particularly Aplzis citricola V.d.G.) were recorded in June on around 50% of the shoots. One treatment with sclective aphicides stopped the infestation without influencing beneficial predators (mainly Coccinellids). For the orange cultures in Siniscola, bait-spray applications limited damage by Ceratitis and no action was necessary against aphids, since infestations were small and the plants had low susceptibility. On the basis or these observations, for the different phytophages are proposed some sample methodologics and the relative intervention thresholds .

Item Type:Article
ID Code:2135
Uncontrolled Keywords:Citrus growing, phytophages, insects, Planococcus citri, Panonychus citri Mc Gr., Dialeurodes citri, Ceratitis, infestantions, chemical control, insecticidals, Sardinia
Subjects:Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > AGR/11 Entomologia generale e applicata
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Protezione delle piante
Publisher:Università degli studi di Sassari, Facoltà di Agraria - Gallizzi
Publisher Policy:Depositato per gentile concessione dell'Editore Gallizzi
Additional Information:Lavoro eseguito con il contributo della C.C.E. (Contratto n. 0731 - Programma di lotta. biologica e integrata) presentato e discusso ne] corso della riunione di esperti tenutasi a Catania nel giugno 1980.
Deposited On:18 Aug 2009 10:07

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