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Antigenic profiles of recombinant proteins from Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in sheep with Johne's disease

Bannantine, John P. and Rosu, Valentina and Zanetti, Stefania Anna Lucia and Rocca, Stefano and Ahmed, Niyaz and Sechi, Leonardo Antonio (2008) Antigenic profiles of recombinant proteins from Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in sheep with Johne's disease. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, Vol. 122 (1-2), p. 116-125. ISSN 0165-2427. Article.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.vetimm.2007.10.020

Abstract

Methods to improve the ELISA test to detect Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis have been explored over several years. Previously, selected recombinant proteins of M. avium subspecies paratuberculosis were found to be immunogenic in cattle with Johne's disease. In the present study, antibody responses of infected and healthy sheep were evaluated using 18 purified recombinant proteins in an ELISA-based format for the serodiagnosis of ovine paratuberculosis. These selected recombinant proteins represent heat shock proteins, hypothetical proteins and cell surface proteins of M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis. Whereas, Map0862 (a gene uniquely present in M. avium subspecies paratuberculosis) and Map3786 encoded protein solicited the strongest antibody response in infected sheep. The protein encoded by Map2116c showed the weakest antibody response among the animals tested. Although none of the recombinant proteins detected all 11 infected sheep singly, antibodies to Map0862 were detected in 9 of 11 (81%) infected sheep. Furthermore, ovine responses to these selected antigens were assessed temporally over the course of 1 year during which we found a spiking effect rather than an incremental increase of antibody reactivity. This study evaluated multiple M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis recombinant proteins in an ELISA-based format for sheep.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:2023
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis Johne's disease, sheep, antigens
Subjects:Area 06 - Scienze mediche > MED/07 Microbiologia e microbiologia clinica
Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > VET/03 Patologia generale e anatomia patologica veterinaria
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Patologia e clinica veterinaria
001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Scienze biomediche
002 Altri enti e centri di ricerca del Nord Sardegna > ISOGEM-International Society for Genomic and Evolutionary Microbiology, Sassari
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0165-2427
Deposited On:18 Aug 2009 10:06

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