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Feature extraction from mammographic images using fast marching methods

Bottigli, Ubaldo and Golosio, Bruno (2002) Feature extraction from mammographic images using fast marching methods. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 487 (1-2), p. 209-215. ISSN 0168-9002. Article.

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DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(02)00967-1

Abstract

Features extraction from medical images represents a fundamental step for shape recognition and diagnostic support. The present work faces the problem of the detection of large features, such as massive lesions and organ contours, from mammographic images. The regions of interest are often characterized by an average grayness intensity that is different from the surrounding. In most cases, however, the desired features cannot be extracted by simple gray level thresholding, because of image noise and non-uniform density of the surrounding tissue. In this work, edge detection is achieved through the fast marching method (Level Set Methods and Fast Marching Methods, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1999), which is based on the theory of interface evolution. Starting from a seed point in the shape of interest, a front is generated which evolves according to an appropriate speed function. Such function is expressed in terms of geometric properties of the evolving interface and of image properties, and should become zero when the front reaches the desired boundary. Some examples of application of such method to mammographic images from the CALMA database (Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A 460 (2001) 107) are presented here and discussed.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:2020
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Feature extraction, mammography
Subjects:Area 02 - Scienze fisiche > FIS/07 Fisica applicata (a beni culturali, ambientali, biologia e medicina)
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 03 Istituti > Matematica e fisica
Publisher:North Holland / Elsevier
ISSN:0168-9002
Copyright Holders:© 2002 Elsevier Science B.V.
Deposited On:18 Aug 2009 10:06

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