Fanti, Viviana and Marzeddu, Roberto and Massazza, Giovanna and Randaccio, Paolo and Brunetti, Antonio and Golosio, Bruno (2005) A Simulator for X-ray images. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, Vol. 114 (1-3), p. 350-354. eISSN 1742-3406. Article.
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A simulator for X-ray images is presented based on a virtual X-ray source and a virtual human body obtained from tomographic slices. In the simulator it is possible to modify the tube potential, the anodic current, the exposure time, the filtration and some geometric parameters such as source–skin distance, orientation and field size. The virtual body consists of a three-dimensional voxel matrix in which CT numbers for each point of the body are stored. The interactions of X rays passing through the body are evaluated using the pencil beam technique. The image is obtained by computing the dose absorbed by the detector and converting it into optical density using a proper response function. The image spatial resolution is limited by the voxel size. The influence of each parameter on the image quality can be observed interactively. The dose absorbed in each point of the body is an important parameter obtained as output of the simulator.
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