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Effect of different spectral distributions to image a contrast detail phantom in the mammography energy range

Bottigli, Ubaldo and Golosio, Bruno and Masala, Giovanni Luca Christian and Oliva, Piernicola and Stumbo, Simone and Bravin, Alberto and Bacci, Alberto and Serafini, Luca and Maroli, Cesare and Petrillo, Vittoria and Ferrario, Massimo and Vaccarezza, Cristina (2006) Effect of different spectral distributions to image a contrast detail phantom in the mammography energy range. Il Nuovo cimento. C, Vol. 29 (2), p. 215-228. eISSN 1826-9885. Article.

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DOI: 10.1393/ncc/i2005-10196-y

Abstract

Traditionally X-ray sources used in mammography are X-ray tubes. Synchrotron radiation sources have shown better imaging performances, but they cannot replace conventional X-ray tube systems in routine mammographic examinations. A new generation of quasi-monochromatic, high-flux X-ray sources is currently under development, based on Thomson backscattering of photons produced by a laser on a highly focused electron beam. They offer important potential applications in the medical field. In this work, we will discuss an application in the field of mammography, by using a Monte Carlo code, in which the effect of different spectraldistributions and different mean energies on the image quality is studied. A test object, consisting of a block of Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA) containing air-filled holes (Contrast Detail Phantom) is used for the simulations. Results show 1–2 keV of energy spread for a quasi-monochromatic source produce images whose quality is comparable within 3–4% with those obtained by monochromatic sources and whose visibility is dramatically enhanced with respect to images obtained with X-ray tubes.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:1896
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA), Contrast Detail Phantom (CDP), Synchrotron radiation (SR), Monte Carlo code
Subjects:Area 02 - Scienze fisiche > FIS/07 Fisica applicata (a beni culturali, ambientali, biologia e medicina)
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 03 Istituti > Matematica e fisica
Publisher:Società Italiana di Fisica
eISSN:1826-9885
Deposited On:18 Aug 2009 10:06

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