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Serological and molecular detection of Bartonella spp. in humans, cats and dogs from Northern Sardinia, Italy

Zobba, Rosanna and Chessa, Giannina and Mastrandrea, Scilla and Pinna Parpaglia, Maria Luisa and Patta, Cristiana and Masala, Giovanna (2009) Serological and molecular detection of Bartonella spp. in humans, cats and dogs from Northern Sardinia, Italy. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, Vol. 15 (s2), p. 134-135. eISSN 1469-0691. Article.

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DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-0691.2008.02203.x

Abstract

Bartonella spp. are aerobic, gram-negative pleomorphic bacteria, belonging to the α2 subgroup of the Proteobacteria. Many Bartonella spp. are pathogens of humans, dogs, and cats. Numerous domestic and wild animals can serve as chronically infected reservoir hosts for Bartonella spp. An increasing number of arthropod vectors have been implicated in the transmission of Bartonella spp. The main source of transmission to humans is cats by means of scratches, whereas infection is less likely to occur by cat bite. Most human cases of infection with Bartonella henselae, named cat scratch disease (CSD), present as an acute febrile lymphadenopathy. The presence of cat fleas is essential for the maintenance of the infection within the cat population. The role of dogs as reservoirs of Bartonella spp. is less clear, because they seem to be only accidental hosts. Nevertheless, dogs are excellent sentinels for human infections, because a similar disease spectrum develops in dogs.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:1848
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Bartonella, Cat Scratch Disease (CSD), Northern Sardinia, Italy
Subjects:Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > VET/08 Clinica medica veterinaria
Divisions:002 Altri enti e centri di ricerca del Nord Sardegna > Istituto zooprofilattico sperimentale della Sardegna, Sassari
001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Patologia e clinica veterinaria
Publisher:Blackwell / Wiley
eISSN:1469-0691
Copyright Holders:© 2009 The Authors, Journal Compilation © 2009 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
Deposited On:18 Aug 2009 10:06

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