Mariani, Alberto and Fiori, Stefano and Bidali, Simone and Alzari, Valeria and Malucelli, Giulio (2008) Frontal polymerization of diurethane diacrylates. Journal of Polymer Science. Part A: Polymer Chemistry, Vol. 46 (10), p. 3344-3352. eISSN 1099-0518. Article.
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This work deals with the preparation of poly(urethane acrylates) by using two different polymerization techniques. Namely, the classical batch procedure has been compared with frontal polymerization (FP). A thorough study on the effect of initiator type, concentration, and on the velocity of the front and its maximum temperature has been carried out. Moreover, two different synthetic ways have been studied: the one step poly(urethane acrylate) preparation starting directly from 1,6 diisocyanato hexane and 2-hydroxyethyl acrylate, and the two step procedure consisting of the synthesis of the corresponding diurethane diacrylate and of its subsequent polymerization. The first method has the advantage of being faster but some caution is necessary due to the excessive heat that is generated if the reaction conditions are not properly chosen. The second approach requires a further step but has the advantage of being more controlled. DSC analysis did not show any significant difference by comparing the thermal properties of the materials obtained by the two techniques (batch and FP). However, since FP runs are very easy and fast to be performed, FP should be seriously taken into proper account when these materials have to be prepared.
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