Cereatti, Andrea and Donati, Marco and Camomilla, Valentina and Margheritini, Fabrizio and Cappozzo, Aurelio (2009) Hip joint centre location: an ex vivo study. Journal of Biomechanics, Vol. 42 (7), p. 818-823. ISSN 0021-9290. Article.
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The human hip joint is normally represented as a spherical hinge and its centre of rotation is used to construct femoral anatomical axes and to calculate hip joint moments. The estimate of the hip joint centre (HJC) position using a functional approach is affected by stereophotogrammetric errors and soft tissue artefacts. The aims of this study were (1) to assess the accuracy with which the HJC position can be located using stereophotogrammetry and (2) to investigate the effects of hip motion amplitude on this accuracy. Experiments were conducted on four adult cadavers. Cortical pins, each equipped with a marker cluster, were implanted in the pelvis and femur, and eight skin markers were attached to the thigh. Recordings were made while an operator rotated the hip joint exploiting the widest possible range of motion. For HJC determination, a proximal and a distal thigh skin marker cluster and two recent analytical methods, the quartic sphere fit (QFS) method and the symmetrical centre of rotation estimation (SCoRE) method, were used. Results showed that, when only stereophotogrammetric errors were taken into account, the analytical methods performed equally well. In presence of soft tissue artefacts, HJC errors highly varied among subjects, methods, and skin marker clusters (between 1.4 and 38.5 mm). As expected, larger errors were found in the subject with larger soft tissue artefacts. The QFS method and the distal cluster performed generally better and showed a mean HJC location accuracy better than 10 mm over all subjects. The analysis on the effect of hip movement amplitude revealed that a reduction of the amplitude does not improve the HJC location accuracy despite a decrease of the artefact amplitude.
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