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A Funerary rite study of the Phoenician-Punic necropolis of Mount Sirai (Sardinia, Italy)

Piga, Giampaolo and Guirguis, Michele and Bartoloni, Piero and Malgosa, Assumpció and Enzo, Stefano (2010) A Funerary rite study of the Phoenician-Punic necropolis of Mount Sirai (Sardinia, Italy). International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, Vol. 20 (2), p. 144-157. eISSN 1099-1212. Article.

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DOI: 10.1002/oa.1012

Abstract

A recent excavation in the Phoenician-Punic necropolis of Mount Sirai, located in the southwestern part of Sardinia, Italy, has brought to light a number of tombs contextually attributed to a period from the early 6th to early 5th century BC, which is simultaneous with the beginning of the Carthago influence in Sardinia. Among the interred burials recently brought to light, the skeletal remains, sometimes of two superposed bodies, are found in a primary position and with fine anatomic connection. Some of the bones were visually stained, suggesting they were possibly subjected to fire treatment. In order to ascertain more objectively whether the bodies were subjected to burning, the bones from all the tombs were investigated by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier Transform infra-red (FT-IR) spectroscopy techniques. After excluding the role of important diagenetic effects, from line broadening/sharpening analysis of hydroxylapatite in the bones according to the Rietveld method, it was evaluated that the bodies were probably subjected to a temperature regime from 300 to 700°C. These data were supplemented and confirmed by an analysis of the splitting factor (SF) of apatite phosphate peaks in the infra-red spectrum of the bones. Our results indicate the existence of a rite intermediate between incineration and inhumation. This sort of semi-combustion, perhaps limited to the period of the early 5th century BC, appears to be peculiar just to this site.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:1728
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Phoenician-Punic necropolis, burned bones, powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), infra-red spectroscopy (FT-IR), funerary rite, Monte Sirai, Sardinia
Subjects:Area 10 - Scienze dell'antichità, filologico-letterarie e storico-artistiche > L-OR/06 Archeologia fenicio-punica
Area 03 - Scienze chimiche > CHIM/02 Chimica fisica
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Chimica
001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Storia
Publisher:Wiley
eISSN:1099-1212
Copyright Holders:© 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Additional Information:Pubblicato online il 24 dicembre 2008.
Deposited On:18 Aug 2009 10:05

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