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Anthropological and physicochemical investigation of the burnt remains of Tomb IX in the 'Sa Figu' hypogeal necropolis: Early Bronze Age

Piga, Giampaolo and Malgosa, Assumpció and Mazzarello, Vittorio Lorenzo Giuseppe and Bandiera, Pasquale and Melis, Paolo and Enzo, Stefano (2008) Anthropological and physicochemical investigation of the burnt remains of Tomb IX in the 'Sa Figu' hypogeal necropolis: Early Bronze Age. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, Vol. 18 (2), p. 167-177. eISSN 1099-1212. Article.

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DOI: 10.1002/oa.928

Abstract

Excavations carried out in Tomb IX of the hypogeic necropolis of Sa Figu, near the village of Ittiri (Sassari, Italy), supplied burnt human bone remains and pottery unambiguously referred to the Early Bronze Age (characterised by the local culture of Bonnannaro). Besides the anthropological study, we have investigated and evaluated the possibility of a funerary cremation practice in Sardinian pre-history, a subject that has previously not been considered from a scientific point of view. Making use of a calibration procedure based on X-ray diffraction (XRD) line-broadening analysis, related to the microstructural properties, it was possible to estimate the combustion temperature to which the fragmented bones were subjected. It was found that the studied bones reached temperatures varying from 400°C up to a maximum of 850°C. This spread of values suggested inhomogeneous combustion of the bones, which seems compatible with funerary cremation practices.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:1699
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Hypogeal necropolis, Early Bronze Age, anthropological study, funerary cremation practice, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Ittiri, Sardinia
Subjects:Area 03 - Scienze chimiche > CHIM/02 Chimica fisica
Area 05 - Scienze biologiche > BIO/16 Anatomia umana
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Scienze biomediche
001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Chimica
001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Storia
Publisher:Wiley
eISSN:1099-1212
Additional Information:Pubblicato online il 27 luglio 2007.
Deposited On:18 Aug 2009 10:05

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