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Phase contrast imaging simulation and measurements using polychromatic sources with small source-object distances

Golosio, Bruno and Delogu, Pasquale and Zanette, Irene and Carpinelli, Massimo and Masala, Giovanni Luca Christian and Oliva, Piernicola and Stefanini, Arnaldo and Stumbo, Simone (2008) Phase contrast imaging simulation and measurements using polychromatic sources with small source-object distances. Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 104 (9). eISSN 1089-7550. Article.

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DOI: 10.1063/1.3006130

Abstract

Phase contrast imaging is a technique widely used in synchrotron facilities for nondestructive analysis. Such technique can also be implemented through microfocus x-ray tube systems. Recently, a relatively new type of compact, quasimonochromatic x-ray sources based on Compton backscattering has been proposed for phase contrast imaging applications. In order to plan a phase contrast imaging system setup, to evaluate the system performance and to choose the experimental parameters that optimize the image quality, it is important to have reliable software for phase contrast imaging simulation. Several software tools have been developed and tested against experimental measurements at synchrotron facilities devoted to phase contrast imaging. However, many approximations that are valid in such conditions (e.g., large source-object distance, small transverse size of the object, plane wave approximation, monochromatic beam, and Gaussian-shaped source focal spot) are not generally suitable for x-ray tubes and other compact systems. In this work we describe a general method for the simulation of phase contrast imaging using polychromatic sources based on a spherical wave description of the beam and on a double-Gaussian model of the source focal spot, we discuss the validity of some possible approximations, and we test the simulations against experimental measurements using a microfocus x-ray tube on three types of polymers (nylon, poly-ethylene-terephthalate, and poly-methyl-methacrylate) at varying source-object distance. It will be shown that, as long as all experimental conditions are described accurately in the simulations, the described method yields results that are in good agreement with experimental measurements.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:1673
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Gaussian model, phase contrast imaging, x-ray
Subjects:Area 02 - Scienze fisiche > FIS/07 Fisica applicata (a beni culturali, ambientali, biologia e medicina)
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 03 Istituti > Matematica e fisica
Publisher:American Institute of Physics
eISSN:1089-7550
Publisher Policy:Depositato in conformità con la politica di copyright dell'Editore
Deposited On:18 Aug 2009 10:05

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