Madrau, Monica Assunta and Piscopo, Amalia and Sanguinetti, Anna Maria and Del Caro, Alessandra and Poiana, Marco and Romeo, Flora V. and Piga, Antonio <1965- > (2009) Effect of drying temperature on polyphenolic content and antioxidant activity of apricots. European Food Research and Technology, Vol. 228 (3), p. 441-448. eISSN 1438-2385. Article.
This study was carried out in order to check for the influence of drying parameters on the phenolic compounds and antioxidant activity on two apricot cultivars (Pelese and Cafona) using two sets of air drying temperatures: (1) air temperature at 55 °C; (2) air temperature at 75 °C. Whole fresh and dried fruits were assessed for: phenolics, ascorbic acid, antioxidant activity and redox potential (all parameters were calculated on a dry matter basis). Analysis of data shows that the decrease in chlorogenic and neochlorogenic acid in Cafona cultivar is higher at the lower drying temperature. Catechin showed the same behaviour of hydroxycinnamic acids in both cultivars, while the decrease in the other compounds was significantly more marked in the sample dried at 75 °C. The antioxidant activity increased significantly in Cafona fruits and this increase was confirmed by a diminution of the redox potential.
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